The glutes get a lot of attention for their aesthetics (or lack thereof), and there are a plethora of training programs and articles designed to help you “work your booty.” But what happens when you have no idea how it’s supposed to feel when you use your glutes? Oftentimes, we’ll have potential clients come in to our center with the goal of developing their butt, but when they perform standard glute-building movements like squats, lunges and bridges, all they have to show for it is a pumped lower back and sore hamstrings, while the glutes remain underwhelmingly neglected. Why? Because your brain doesn’t know how to make those muscles fire. And if they don’t fire properly, then all of the hip-thrusting in the world won’t fix your posterior.
So how do you fix it? There are a subset of glute movements that are commonly referred to as “activation” movements, which means the whole purpose is to teach you what it’s supposed to feel like to use your glutes, as well as triggering your body to “turn on” (AKA activate) your butt muscles.
Here’s a simple glute program that includes both strength, hypertrophy (muscle growth), and activation movements. Give it a shot and let us know how it works for you!
Sample Glute-Training Workout
1. Activation – Band abduction – 2-3 sets of 10 reps with a 10-second hold in the open position
I apologize, as part 2 was supposed to have been posted 2 weeks ago, but the first video didn’t come out great. The second part focuses on some common mistakes people make with the overhead press and how they can be corrected.
Plenty has been written about the merits of the Paleolithic, or Caveman Diet, as it pertains to fat loss, but it holds tremendous application for making gains in lean body mass as well. Here are 5 of the most important aspects of Paleo eating in your quest for more strength and size:
1. Protein, protein, protein. One of the basic tenents of the Paleo diet is “if you can kill it or pick it, you can eat it.” In essence, that means that about 50% of your food choices are protein-based foods. Make sure you’re getting substantial portions of animal protein at each meal, rotating through a variety of sources such as chicken, turkey, salmon, beef, bison, venison, buffalo, ostrich, eggs and shellfish.
2. Boost your Omega-3’s. Omega-3 fatty acids turn on the body’s lipolytic (fat-burning) genes, and turn off the lipogenic (fat-storing) ones. To boot, EPA is a known anti-inflammatory, while DHA aids in brain function, which can lead to increased focus and concentration during intense training sessions. On top of including food sources that are rich in Omega-3’s such as almonds, walnuts, pistachios, cashews, avocado, and coldwater fish such as salmon, research shows that consuming up to 1 gram of fish oil per percentage point of bodyfat can increase fat-burning and insulin sensitivity, creating an environment more suited toward making gains in lean muscle mass.
3. Eat Paleo carbs and avoid Neo carbs. Paleo carbs fit the other side of the “if you can kill it or pick it” adage. These carb sources are minimally (or not at all) processed and tend to be digested and assimilated much more easily than Neo (man-made) carbs such as donuts, pasta, breads, etc. Ask yourself, “did a caveman have access to this?” If the answer is yes, then you can eat it. Sweet potatoes? Yes. Berries? Yep. Onions, radishes, asparagus? Yes, yes, double-yes. Bagels? Absolutely not. Don’t worry about the people who tell you you can’t eat fruit before bed, because those same people have no problem shoveling a bunch of processed garbage with ingredients you can neither spell nor pronounce into their mouths on a regular basis.
4. Address deficiencies. Modern man has to cope with several major vitamin and mineral deficiencies that prehistoric man didn’t have to worry about – namely zinc, magnesium, and vitamin D. These 3 deficiencies impact 100% of the people that I’ve ever tested, and play a major role in your success in becoming bigger, stronger and faster.
-Magnesium. Soil used to be replete with all of the minerals we needed, but since the advent of modern agriculture, a combination of over-farming, poor crop rotation, and genetic modification leaves a lot of our crops, and in turn, us, with inadequate amounts of magnesium. Magnesium lowers cortisol (stress) production at the end of the day and allows you to sleep. When you sleep, you produce growth hormone. No sleep = no growth. To give you an idea of an average deficiency, optimal magesium levels in red blood cells are between 4.8 and 6.2. The “norms” in a lab test are 1.9 to 2.4, so even if you fall in the normal levels, remember that, to quote strength coach Charles Poliquin, “those are Homer Simpson norms.”
-Zinc. Zinc is another mineral that suffers from modern agriculture, except its responsibility is helping with the conversion of testosterone into its usable form. Low levels of zinc can lead to aromatization, which is the conversion of testosterone into estrogen. I shouldn’t have to explain how that’s not good. Shoot for the high end of the lab norms in a blood test.
-Vitamin D. Cavemen spent all day outside, and therefore absorbed an extremely large amount of vitamin D from sunshine, probably to the tune of the equivalent of 10,000-50,000IU a day. However, for most people the closest they get to sunlight is what slips through the blinds in the window next to their cubicle. Low vitamin D levels have been traced to everything from depression (good luck training when you want to jump off a building), to insulin resistance (poor insulin management leads to fat gain), to higher risk of skin cancer (you can’t train if you’re dead). Supplement with 5-10,000IU a day and monitor with blood work until your levels are 80-100nG/ml. It may take a while – the average person who lives north of the equator has blood levels of about 14-20nG/ml.
5. Graze, don’t gorge. Large, infrequent meals play havoc with your body and result in anything from poor digestion and upset stomach to insulin resistance and fat gain. Your body is evolved to eat casually throughout the day, not in one or two big portions. Shoot for eating every 2 1/2-3 hours.
It may take some getting used to because it’s not trendy enough and because it doesn’t call for any flashy supplements like Ultra-Mega-Super-Beefcake 3000, but this is how your body is made to work. So save yourself the stress of trying to fight it and just let it do what it’s evolved to do.
This week we’re doing a pair of videos on one of the most important yet most underused lifts we can think of – the military press. Part 1 deals with the basics of performing the lift, and part 2 will go over some of the more common mistakes people make and how to fix them.
Remember to include a thourough warmup of the shoulder girdle – one of the reasons people get injured so frequently is a lack of shoulder mobility and by trying to go too heavy too fast.
With snowfall upon us, it’s time to revisit a concept that tends to get neglected during the warmer months – a proper warm-up. Sure, when it’s 90 degrees outside, you can get away with walking in the gym door, jumping rope for 30 seconds, and doing a light set of your first exercise to get warmed up. Try that when it’s 20 below with a foot of snow on the ground, and a few things might happen. At best, you’re likely in for a shitty workout – poor blood flow to stiff muscles means range of motion will be limited and you’ll struggle to get in proper position. Worst case scenario, you end up with a muscle strain or tear. Stiff muscles aren’t very pliable – think of what happens if you pull on a stick of Laffy Taffy if it’s been in the freezer for an hour. It won’t stretch much; it’ll break in half. However, leave that same stick of Laffy Taffy in your pocket for an hour and it’ll stretch across the room. Your muscles work the same way.
How To Warm Up (And In What Order)
There is a logical order to warming up that makes everything as efficient as possible. It should take 10 minutes to get ready for a workout if you follow these steps.
1. Cardiovascular Warmup (3 minutes). Grab a jump rope and get hopping, jump on a treadmill and try to get your heart rate in the low 120’s, slam a medicine ball, do some jumping jacks, just get your heart beating and a light sweat flowing.
2. Foam rolling (5 minutes). If nothing else, make sure to spend 30-60 seconds on each of the more critical areas – feet, glutes, low back, quads, IT band, pecs, lats, etc. Try to hit the areas that are most problematic in general, then go after the spots that are specific to your workout if time permits. If you’re not sure what you should roll, check the video below.
3. Dynamic stretching (2 minutes). Arm circles, leg swings, hip circles, mountain climber stretches and other shoulder- and hip-intensive stretches are ideal for pre-workout stretching.
Sample Warm-Up Routine
Jump rope – 100 reps double leg, 50 reps left leg, 50 reps right leg, 100 reps alternating
Foam rolling – feet, glutes, low back, lats, 30 seconds on each area
Dynamic stretch circuit – leg swings, arm circles, fire hydrants, 20 reps each
Take a walk into your local GNC and have a look around, or thumb through any of the 50 fitness magazines that are littering the shelves at your local bookstore, and the sheer number of supplements currently on the market is astounding. Not only that, but many of them are all promising some pretty impressive results. How many times have you seen some colorful, snazzy ad with a shirtless, shredded-to-the-gills bodybuilder promising that if you use Super-Mega-Pump-Volumizer-Cuts-Xplode twice a day, you’ll look just like them? Or some company whose name might rhyme with Hustletech promising that their creatine delivers 1027.99821% better results than the competition?
The reality is, 99.99% (how’s that for an awesome percentage?) of the supplements on store shelves today flat-out don’t work. Either companies make promises that they can’t back up, or they use low-quality, over- or under-dosed ingredients, or they use forms of an ingredient that don’t actually work to keep costs down. Sometimes all of the above.
In reality, no supplement can replace hard work (or the lack thereof). The best scientific advances can’t beat a solid training program and good training partners. However, there are a few things that can fill specific needs in the body that are left by a physically challenging training program.
1) Multi-vitamin. While a multi isn’t going to make the difference in whether you look like Arnold Schwarzenegger or Steve Urkel, it is essential for anybody involved in a fitness program. First, it acts as nutritional insurance, making sure that your body has an adequate supply of vitamins and minerals that tend to be depleted by the body during strenuous exercise. Secondly, it is nearly impossible to get a sufficient supply of nutrients from food alone. With overfarming and genetically modified crops fast becoming the norm, the soil is not as rich as it once was. In fact, it’s been estimated that while the nutrition labels on food may have been accurate 30 years ago, it’s likely that the vitamin content is actually about 50-70% lower than what’s posted on the label.
2) Fish oil. Fish oil is one of those supplements that a lot of people have, but never remember to take. Or, if they do take it, the dose is well below the minimum effective dose and so you may as well not be taking it at all. Which is too bad, because fish oil has a host of benefits, not the least of which includes making it easier to burn off stubborn bodyfat.
There are two different types of omega 3’s in fish oil – EPA and DHA, each serving different purposes. DHA’s biggest benefit is increased mental acuity and enhanced mental function. It is recommended that women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant supplement with a fish oil high in DHA because it helps with the development of the fetus’ brain, and studies have shown a correlation between increased IQ and DHA supplementation. High doses of DHA are also used as part of a treatment for ADD and ADHD because of its ability to increase mental focus.
EPA, on the other hand, is often used to treat inflammation in everything from muscle tissue to the circulatory system. High doses may help prevent or reduce risk of cardiovascular diseases, and can also help speed up recovery from training sessions or even from bruises, strains and pulls.
But the number one (for most people) benefit to fish oil is its ability to increase fat metabolism by turning off lipogenic genes (which promote fat storage) and turning on lipolytic genes (which promote fat burning). But in order to get any benefit from supplementation, the dosage needs to be rather high – up to 1 or 1.5 grams of fish oil per percent of bodyfat. So somebody with 20% bodyfat should be taking 20-30 grams of fish oil per day. Most capsules are about 1 gram each, and most liquid fish oils are 5 grams per teaspoon or 15 grams per tablespoon. Spread your doses out each day to as many as possible, ideally some at each meal.
3. Whey protein. I have a little bit of a love/hate relationship with protein powders. On one hand, it serves a very useful purpose – helping people fit in an extra 20-60 grams of protein per day when it’s not convenient to get it from whole food. On the other hand, the supplement industry has made whey protein out to be some magical, fantastic fairy dust that’s “guaranteed to add 60 pounds to your bench press and 11.7562 pounds of muscle in just 90 seconds.” Understand this – most supplement advertising is bullshit. Correction: ALL supplement advertising is bullshit. But just because the ads suck doesn’t mean whey protein doesn’t have something to bring to the table.
The reality is, most people don’t have the time to eat 6-7 solid food meals a day, every day. So, instead of missing meals or reaching for fast food or some garbage from a vending machine, powdered protein can be a convenient alternative. Not only that, but there are times where you want your protein to get into your system very, very quickly, and whole food protein breaks down too slowly.
For example, EVERYBODY should use some sort of liquid protein immediately after finishing their training to get amino acids to the muscles and kickstart recovery. Whole food doesn’t cut it because it digests too slowly. Whey protein breaks down much faster and helps drop post-workout cortisol. Skinny guys who have a hard time gaining weight should also have 20-40 grams of whey protein in water first thing upon waking, 20-30 minutes before having their regular breakfast. Again, it drops cortisol and takes you out of a catabolic (muscle-burning) state.
There you have it. 3 supplements that can work wonders for enhancing your training and nutritional efforts. You won’t see them promoted by a 250lb, ripped-to-the-bone bodybuilder in a slick magazine ad, but you’ll definitely get your money’s worth.
When most people think of their training programs, they usually think about the fun stuff. Weight training is what packs on muscle and makes your whole body stronger, and intense cardiovascular conditioning strips off bodyfat and develops stamina and endurance in the heart and lungs. But when done week after week, all of that hard work will leave your body feeling achy and beaten down.
Chronic muscle soreness lasting more than 1-2 days after a training session
Joint aches and pains
Posture changes due to muscle tightness, leaving the body vulnerable to injury
Difficulty feeling an exercise in the target muscle
At this point, there is no way to continue to train at full intensity without making some kind of adjustment to correct these issues. Enter recovery training.
What is recovery training?
Recovery training is simple – it is a short, low-intensity training session designed to help your body repair muscle damage and increase blood flow to ease inflammation on joints, tendons and ligaments. In most cases, recovery sessions are simply added in addition to your regular training sessions during the week. However, since they are rather short and not very intense, they can be done any time – before training, after training, or on an off day.
Basic recovery methods
There are three big commonly used recovery methods that can be done as often as needed – static stretching, dynamic stretching, and self-myofascial release. Each has its own place, and they work best when implemented together throughout a training program’s duration.
Static stretching is simply holding a muscle in a gently stretched position for a period of time, usually 5-30 seconds. It’s critical that you do not overstretch a muscle, as it can result in strains and tears. The focus should be on getting a “gentle stretch,” something that you can feel the muscle but should never be painful or unbearable. One other caution is to be careful of hyperextending certain joints, specifically the knee and elbow. The knee should stay unlocked when doing hamstring stretches (hurdler stretches, toe touches, etc.), as should the elbow during bicep and pec stretches (doorway stretches, etc.).
Also, because muscles are more pliable when they are warm, static stretching is best done once the body temperature has already been elevated, so make sure you do it either after a warm-up or post-workout for maximum safety and effectiveness.
Dynamic stretching serves two purposes – increase circulation through a muscle and the surrounding connective tissue; and increase range of motion beyond that achieved through static stretching. Dynamic stretches are not held in place for any length of time; instead, they return to the original position as soon as they have gone through the full range of motion. Examples of dynamic stretching include arm windmills, butt-kickers, high knees, and straight-leg swings.
Think of self-myofascial release as a form of self-administered deep-tissue massage. SMR is to your muscles what a rolling pin is to a lump of bread dough. You basically take a hard object (usually a foam roller, which come in various densities) and roll up and down the muscle, stopping to apply pressure to the tight spots for 15-20 seconds before moving on to the next tight area. The pressure from the roller stimulates the Golgi Tendon Organ (GTO) reflex, which triggers the muscle to relax and release tension. It can take several weeks up to several months to fully release the pressure on an area, depending on how severe the problem is.
Also, just like static stretching, SMR is best done with the body’s temperature already elevated.
Implementing Recovery Training
It doesn’t take long to work recovery training into your program – all three methods can be completed in 15 minutes or less 2-4 times a week. What’s the old saying? “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
This week’s post is a video post focusing on showing a beginner how to recruit the glutes and hamstrings, which is essential both from a performance standpoint and an injury-prevention standpoint. It helps to have access to a glute/ham raise but can be done without if you’re creative enough.
Part 2 will go through the basics of setting up for the deadlift, including a host of common mistakes beginners (and sometimes even experienced trainees) tend to make.